The King Fahd Causeway is a series of bridges and causeways connecting mainland Saudi Arabia and the island nation Bahrain. The idea of constructing the causeway by Kind Saud occurred in 1954 and was based on improving the links and bonds between the two countries. Following which surveying of the maritime began in 1968, and construction began in 1981 and continued until 1986, when it was officially opened to the public.
The idea of building a bridge linking the Kingdom of Bahrain to the Eastern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia had been enticing the two kingdoms for generations. The idea was born out of King Saud’s wish to nurture and further solidify the bond between the two Kingdoms, during an official visit to the State of Bahrain in 1954.
Fourteen years later the surveying of the maritime began in 1968, and construction began in 1981 until 1986. On 26 November that year, the causeway was officially inaugurated in the presence of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia and His Royal Highness Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Emir of the State of Bahrain, with the latter consenting heartily to naming the bridge King Fahd Causeway.
The causeway was constructed in three segments starting from Saudi Arabia:
The Border Station is located on an embankment with a total area of 660,000 square meters, is known as Passport Island or Middle Island. The buildings of King Fahd Causeway Authority and other government Directorates were erected on the Border Station, as well as two mosques, two Coast Guard towers and two 65-metre-high (213 ft) tower restaurants. The border station also has extensive landscaping all around the islands in addition to the services and road stations.
The Border Station was designed as two connected islands, with the west side designated as Saudi Arabian and the east as Bahraini. The Saudi side of the Border Station has outlets of McDonald’s and Kudu while the Bahraini side of the Border Station has a McDonald’s outlet.
One-stop crossing was introduced on the King Fahad Causeway from 6 March 2017. Under the new system, commuters will only have to stop at one post for passport control, car clearance and customs. The measure will ease travel for commuters and is also expected to ease traffic congestion on the highway as the previous system required multiple stops at Saudi and Bahraini check posts. Last year the travellers who used the causeway to cross the border has reached about 24.5 Million.
Tourists are allowed upto the Border station from the Bahrain side and enjoy the breathtaking views of the causeway and the coastlines of Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.